The mastic is a natural resin extracted by a special method of the trunk and branches Skinos mastic (Pistacia lentiscus var.Chia), an evergreen shrub that grows only in the southern and central part of the island of Chios.
Chemically speaking, the analysis of the resin of the mastic shows mainly terpenes (wide variety of chemical compounds) of the mass, while recently detected and polyphenols in the resin.
The study conducted by Dr. John Triandafyllidis began in 2005 and was completed two years later. It concerns 10 patients with Crohn's disease and eight volunteers who had not faced health problems. In our country more than 15,000 people have been affected by this disease, which occurs mainly in young people who have completed the second decade of life, while millions of people around the world are at increased risk of developing cancer of the colon and small intestine .
Important is the effect on liver function by activating detoxifying activity. So absorbed cholesterol, whose value in the blood is reduced, resulting in reduction of heart disease. Even out and diuretic properties.
In eleanoliko acid mastic given the strong anti-inflammatory action. Mastic acts healing inflammation lysing specific organs, beginning periodontitis, esophagitis, gastritis, duodenal ulcer until the colitis and hemorrhoids.
Equally important are the findings of a study conducted by Mr. Dhabi, gastroenterologist at Skylitseio Hospital of Chios, in collaboration with the Union of Mastic island.
The study is divided into four sections and includes, among other things, throwback to the beneficial properties of mastic of Chios in the digestive system through references in historical texts and sources.
The history of gum as a pharmaceutical, lost in the mists of time. Dioscorides, Galen, and Aetios Oribasius doctors of antiquity, its use in gastrointestinal disorders, such as doctors and Arabs Ibn al-Baitar and Ibn al-Tzazar the 13th century. Traditional healers in the Mediterranean and the Arab countries until the 20th century using the gum to soothe abdominal pain and treat dyspeptic complaints.
"What we were interested to see if the treatment has an effect mastic Helicobacter pylori in patients with known infection by the bacterium," says Greek gastroenterologist.
"Twelve patients received daily for 14 days and one gram of mastic for the eradication of Helicobacter pylori.
Other twelve patients took the same amount of mastic with rabeprazole, a proton pump inhibitor. Four patients received only gum achieved eradication of Helicobacter, and none of those who received the combination is not eradicated the virus.
These results are encouraging, and confirm the action of mastic.
"SOLUTION" AND indigestion
Applied also a larger study that examined the effect of mastic in patients with dyspeptic symptoms. This was a randomized double blind study.
54 patients received 1 gram of gum for three weeks, while the same number of patients treated with placebo. The results in this case were spectacularly ... 75% of patients treated with mastic had significant depression symptoms, while only 41% of patients receiving placebo had remission of symptoms.
The total cost of treating patients who took only mastic was 2 euros compared with 70 euros classical triple therapy prazoli, amoxicillin and clarithromycin. "
The results are very important if we consider that a large percentage of indigestion plagues our fellowmen. It is estimated that 100 million people suffer from indigestion in the European Union.
HELPS TO PREVENT CARIES
According to Associate Professor School of Dentistry, Aristotle University, Sotiris Kalfa, Chios mastic composition combines the various factors that help in the prevention of dental caries.
Chewing mechanically stimulates the flow of saliva. The stimulation of salivary function is also achieved by the taste stimuli caused due to natural aromatic resin containing additives and sweeteners. The mastic contains no substances which lead to acid production by dental plaque. The substituents used sucrose, sorbitol, mannitol and xylitol, is "friendly to the teeth" sweeteners have been used successfully in the prevention studies of dental caries.
Especially the relatively high concentration of xylitol in the product is expected to help maintain the balance of the ecosystem of dental plaque, reducing the production of lactic acid and the number of microbes.
OBSTACLE FOR CANCER CELLS
The mastic inhibits cell proliferation, survival of cancer cells and inhibits angiogenesis process! In these results led scientists Loutrari Helen, Sophia Magkouta Anastasia Pyriochou, Vasiliki Koika, Francis N. Kolisis Andreas Papapetropoulos and Charis Roussos.
Especially perillyl alcohol (ROI) corresponding to approximately 0.84% of the mastic of great clinical interest due to the recognized chemopreventive and chemotherapeutic activity in a variety of cancers in animal models and cell lines.
In the study, researchers used mainly Greeks tumor series' K562 cells derived from human lemfovlastomatos.
"But in many experiments we also included cell lines B16 and LLC cells derived from mouse melanoma and lung adenocarcinoma mouse respectively," said the scientists. "In addition we found that mastic inhibits neovascularization of background, a process essential for the growth of primary tumors and their metastases in other organs.